In the cave Peștera cu Oase has been found remains of a human (Homo Sapiens) that lived over 40 000 years ago. These are the earliest found remains of modern people in Europe. After that, the territory of today’s Romania was the home of stone age hunters, who lived there in about 8 000 BC. At that time, the inhabitants had the ability to make bronze tools and later on they upgraded to iron. The people who inhabited these lands were called Dacians. Later on, many waves of migrants came to Romania. The Huns came in the 5th century, later in the 6th the Avars, in the 7th the Slavs.
The middle ages
In the middle ages, Romania was separated in three principalities – Wallachia, Moldavia and Transylvania. In the 11-th century, Transylvania had become an autonomous part of the Kingdom of Hungary. Most of the Hungarian migrants from the 5-th century were settled there. In the 14th century, the other two principalities (Wallachia and Moldavia) would emerge to fight the Ottoman Empire threat. By the middle of the 16th century, the entire Balkan peninsula and most parts of the three provinces had fallen under Ottoman suzerainty. If you are interested in the history of Romania or the world, in general, you can compare universities online, and study this subject in greater detail.
Modern day Romania
Romania was under Ottoman suzerainty until May, 9-th 1877/1878, when it gained its independence. During World War I, Romania stayed neutral for the first two years, and later they joined the “Triple Entente”. In World War II, Romania had also remained neutral, until the Soviet Union gave an ultimatum that implied the threat of invasion. Later Romania was prompted to join the other side in the conflict – “The Axis” powers. Following the second world war, Romania had been occupied by the Soviet Union and was under the communist government. Later came the 1989 Revolution, which marks the new beginning in Romanian history.